A heel spur is a calcium deposit resulting in a bony protrusion underneath the heel bone (calcaneus). On an X-ray, a heel spur typically extends forward by as much as a 1-2cm. Without visible X-ray evidence, the condition is sometimes known as “heel spur syndrome.”
Are they painful?
What Are Spurs?
Although heel spurs often exist painlessly, they can cause heel pain and typically suggest there are some abnormality and underlying problem. They are frequently associated with plantar fasciitis, a painful inflammation of the fibrous band of connective tissue (plantar fascia) that runs along the bottom of the foot and connects the heel bone to the ball of the foot.
What Causes Heel spurs?
Heel spurs are often caused by constant strain on foot muscles and ligaments, stretching of the plantar fascia, and repeated strain and tearing of the membrane that covers the heel bone. Typically this is suggestive of abnormal biomechanics and or subsequent stress and overload. Heel spurs are especially common among people whose activities include large amounts of standing or impact activities such are running.
Treatments for heel spurs and associated conditions include exercise, strapping and splinting, custom-made orthotics, footwear advice, anti-inflammatory medications, shockwave therapy and injection therapy. If conservative treatments fail, immobilisation using a Cam Walker boot and even surgery may be necessary in very chronic cases.